What is a French Drain?
French drains (FDs) are a solution employed to get rid of standing water in your yard or basement. Basically they consist of a trench that is covered with rock or gravel. The trench serves to capture the groundwater and direct it away from the home. They may also utilize pipes which are perforated to vent the water that comes through the gravel into the drain. The most common use for FDs is to redistribute water that sits up against a home's foundation which would otherwise cause structural damage.
Where Did the Idea for French Drains Come from?
One of the benefits of choosing to go with FDs is the fact that they have been used for a really long time. That means you can rely on this technique to solve your drainage problems when it is properly planned and installed. Originally they were basically just simple ditches. But in the 1800s, FDs were made popular by a lawyer named Henry French, hence the title "French drains." His version of the FD comprised roofing tiles in the trenches to allow for drainage. These roofing tiles later gave way to special perforated tiles.
Different Types of French Drains
Plenty of variations of the french drain exist. Here are just a few of them:
Dispersal drain-Used for septic tanks to properly distribute the waste water.
Filter drain-This type drains ground water.
Drain buried around foundation-As discussed above, this sort of FD is probably the most popular and is used to take water away from the structure to keep it safe from harm.
Basement floor drains-Sometimes the drains are actually installed inside the basement to make sure any water that comes in finds its way back outside quickly.
Of course there are other sorts of drains out there, but the above tend to be the most common.
Finding a Company to Install French Drains for You
If you have drainage issues in your home or place of business, then you are likely in need of the French drain solution. First and foremost, it is highly recommended that you do not try to install your own FD. french drain. Not only is it a lot of work, but imagine doing all the work only to find out that your drainage system does not function properly. With that in mind, it is best to hire a company that specializes in drainage solutions for homes and businesses.
A simple search online will allow you to find plenty of contractors who handle drainage problems. Sorting through them and finding the right man for your job will likely be the most difficult part. Look carefully for years of experience, as you want to make sure the person you call out to your home knows the ins and outs of drainage solutions. Also, always check a contractors BBB rating. They should have a high rating to prove that they really do offer high customer satisfaction. And finally, make sure they offer fair prices.